China’s Revolutionary Rocket Roars in Dazzling Debut

China has made history with the dazzling first launch of its powerful new Gravity-1 commercial rocket. Developed by Beijing-based startup Orienspace, Gravity-1 took flight on January 11th 2024 from a unique sea platform in a landmark mission that deployed three satellites to orbit.

Orienspace Achieves Liftoff On Very First Attempt

Lifting off at 12:30 AM local time from a mobile launch platform stationed in the Yellow Sea, Gravity-1 ascended on a plume of fire visible for miles. The three-stage rocket performed flawlessly, executing its full flight sequence to send the trio of Yunyao-1 weather satellites directly into their target orbit. For Orienspace, succeeding on an inaugural launch is an incredible achievement.

Maximizing Launch Flexibility With Mobile Sea Platform

Unlike conventional land-based sites, Gravity-1’s sea platform afforded key advantages. Positioned off the coast of Shandong Province, it enabled Gravity-1 to take off and ascend vertically without flying over populated areas. Using mobile maritime launch pads also unlocks extra flexibility to support potential rapid-response launch capabilities in the future.

Sets New Records For Chinese Commercial Space Industry

In surpassing expectations on its first ever mission, Gravity-1 has set multiple new benchmarks for China’s burgeoning commercial space sector.

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Most Capable Chinese Industry Rocket Ever Flown

With a maximum payload capacity of 14,300 lb (6,500kg) to low Earth orbit, Gravity-1 can haul over twice as much as its closest Chinese industry rivals. This cements it as China’s current most powerful commercial orbital launch vehicle.

Largest Ever Chinese Solid-Fueled Rocket

China has traditionally leaned upon liquid-fueled rockets as its primary launch systems. As the largest Chinese solid-fuel rocket so far, Gravity-1 paves the way for wider adoption of solid-fuel technology. This offers advantages like simplified handling and potential for rapid call-up launch sequences.

Orienspace To Lead Commercial Launch Market

Gravity-1’s success underscores Orienspace’s intention to become a major player in China’s expanding commercial launch industry. With the company gearing up for high-tempo satellite deployment contracts, Gravity-1 is perfectly positioned to start regular launch operations for commercial customers.

Gravity-1 Poised To Drive Industry Growth

China’s commercial space sector has entered an exciting phase of rapid growth. Private companies are now leading rocket development rather than state-owned enterprises of the past. Gravity-1’s powerful debut helps validate this changing dynamic and should assist increased commercial investment.

Following Record-Breaking 2023 For Chinese Launches

The Gravity-1 mission comes on the heels of China’s busiest ever year for rocket launches. After setting a new national record of 64 orbital launches in 2022, last year China completed an unprecedented 67 launches. The introduction of capable new rockets like Gravity-1 looks set to spur further launch rate increases.

Ramping Up Satellite Deployment Capacity

With existing rockets from China Rocket and CAS Space now supplemented by Gravity-1’s vastly greater capability, China has enormously increased capacity to supportSatellite deployment demands. Gravity-1’s successful first flight clears it begin high-tempo commercial satellite launch operations.

Orienspace Setting Sights On Two Larger Rockets

Flush from Gravity-1’s triumph, Orienspace is forging ahead with developing its two next-generation orbital rockets – Gravity-2 and massive Gravity-3. Both vehicles will build upon Gravity-1’s configurations but with enhanced performance.

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Ambitious Plans For Gravity-2 Unveiled

Currently penciled for launch in 2025, Gravity-2 will integrate liquid-fueled cores with solid rocket boosters. Capable of lofting ~26 tons to orbit, it promises dramatic leaps beyond Gravity-1.

Giant Gravity-3 Design To Rival SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy

If Gravity-2 isn’t ambitious enough, Orienspace has also revealed plans for a supersized rocket dubbed Gravity-3. Set to feature three liquid-fueled cores, Gravity-3 echoes the design of SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy launcher. Early projections suggest it could haul over 30 tons to orbit – firmly positioning Orienspace as an emerging spaceflight powerhouse.

Unique Launch Platform Concept May Be Expanded

Gravity-1’s unprecedented mobile sea launch capability could potentially be expanded across more of China’s new rockets.

Enabling Rapid Response Launch Schedules

Sea platforms offer innate advantages for responsive launch timelines compared to fixed land sites. Gravity-1 has already showcased launching to orbit in just 24 hours is feasible from maritime pads. This could become a key attribute for satellites needing swift deployment.

Flexible Basings Suited To Broad Launch Range Coverage

Maritime launch pads also permit much greater flexibility in launch azimuths and payload delivery orbits. Coupled with the ability to position at varying points along China’s extensive coastline, floating launch stations promise access to diverse launch trajectories.

Solid Rocket Motors Key To Gravity-1 Design

While harnessing different technologies to its liquid-centered Gravity-2 and 3 models, Gravity-1’s solid propellant core stage and side boosters were central to powering its immense launch capacity.

Simplicity And Reliability Advantages

Solid motors avoid the complexity of liquid fueled engines with their associated pipes, valves and storage tanks. The propellant itself is also very stable, enhancing reliability. These attributes translate to lower operational costs.

Impressively Large Rocket Segments

Gravity-1’s boosters and first stage core were truly enormous solid rocket segments. Jettisoned spent segments crashed into the sea during ascent, creating fiery spectacle. Carefully formulating these massive internal propellant casts was key to ensuring Gravit-1’s potency.

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Could Spur Wider Solid Rocket Adoption

While liquid boosters still dominate China’s orbital launcher inventory, Gravity-1 may stimulate increased domestic adoption of solid rocket technologies. Expect more programs eyeing hybrid liquid-solid propulsion configurations akin to Gravity-2.


With the dazzling success of Gravity-1, China’s commercial space sector has a powerful new flagship launch vehicle purpose-built for intensive satellite launch operations. Gravity-1 has placed the sheer capability of China’s emerging industry players firmly into the spotlight – significantly closing the gap compared to western rivals. Orienspace now appears well positioned to seize pole position in this rapidly evolving domain. The runaway triumph of its debut rocket provides strong validation of its systemic development approach and intention to lead the expanded Chinese launch market. Buoyed by Gravity-1’s accomplishments, even more ambitious rockets now beckon on Orienspace’s horizon. The company’s resolute advance from small start-up to become a recognized private space launch leader in just a few short years has been remarkable to witness. With the Chinese commercial launch renaissance now unmistakably underway, gravity seems the only limit to how far Orienspace can ascend hereon.


How heavy of a payload can Gravity-1 carry to orbit?

Gravity-1 can haul payloads of up to 14,300 lb (6,500kg) to low Earth orbit, over twice as much as the next largest Chinese commercial rocket.

What new records has Gravity-1’s first launch set?

It has become China’s most powerful ever commercial rocket, largest solid-fueled rocket, and set new high-water marks for private Chinese space companies.

What unique feature does Gravity-1 possess?

Gravity-1 introduces an innovative mobile maritime launch capability, lifting-off from a sea platform for additional flexibility.

How many rocket launches did China conduct in 2023?

China achieved a national record-high of 67 orbital launches over 2023, continuing year-on-year launch rate growth.

What new rockets is Orienspace developing?

Two larger vehicles named Gravity-2 and Gravity-3 are under active development, both set to eclipse Gravity-1’s already impressive performance.

MK Usmaan